June 7, 1954 â€“ British computer scientist, mathematician and philosopher Alan Turing commits suicide at the age of 41. During World War II, Turing played a key role in breaking the German Enigma code, an achievement widely attributed with shortening the fighting in Europe. Turing also made significant contributions to computer programming and computer theory, including the controversial â€œTuring test.â€ He was convicted in 1952 of indecency for homosexual acts and forced to undergo hormonal treatment. An atheist, Turing enigmatically (pun intended) wrote to friend and colleague Robin Gandy, â€œScience is a differential equation; religion is a boundary condition.â€
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