July 3, 1904 – Theodor Herzl, journalist and father of modern Zionism, dies in Austria-Hungary. Born in Budapest in 1860, raised by assimilated Jews, Herzl considered himself an atheist. Widespread persecution and anti-Semitism throughout Europe convinced Herzl that Jews should create a homeland, preferably in their historic homeland of Palestine. (The State of Israel would not be born for another 44 years after Herzl’s death.)
Got info?Â Suggest a dateÂ in freethought history!