July 28, 1794 – French revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre is executed by guillotine in Paris. With him died the Cult of the Supreme Being, the short-lived Deistic state religion created to replaceÂ the revolutionary Cult of Reason, which was itself intended to replace the official Roman Catholicism of the Ancien Regime.
July 28, 1804 – German philosopher and liberal atheistÂ Ludwig Feuerbach is born in Bavaria. He writings, most notably The Essence of Christianity (translated into English by no less than George Eliot) were a great influence on Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
July 28, 1902 – Philosopher of science (and self-proclaimed agnostic) Karl Popper is born in Vienna.
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