September 27, 1877 – Biologist Oscar Riddle is born in Cincinnati, Indiana (yes, Indiana). He was best known professionally for his research into the pituitary gland, but he came to national attentionÂ in 1936 when, as a vice president of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science, he delivered a speech titled “The Confusion of Tongues,” in which he praised the rapid expansionÂ of biological knowledge, criticized superstition in general,Â and condemned resistance in public schools to the teaching of evolution. His speech was covered by the New York Times and reprinted in the journal Science. Riddle was named Humanist of the Year in 1958 by the American Humanist Association. He died in 1968, aged 91.
September 27, 1913 -Psychologist Albert Ellis is born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Â Recognized by his peers as one of the most influential psychotherapists ever, Ellis was best known for his development of “Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy,” for his promotion of more open attitudes about sex, and for his increasing enlightened view of homosexuality. He was named Humanist of the Year in 1971 by the American Humanist Association, and was one of the signers of Humanist Manifesto III, published in 2003. Ellis died in 2007, aged 93.
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