November 20 in freethought history…

November 20, 1946Everson v Board of Education is argued before the Supreme Court of the United States. At issue was the legality of local school boards to reimburse parents for transportation of children to private, religious schools. The Court ultimately ruled against the BoE, but more notably, this is the first time the Supreme Court applied the Establishment Clause (“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion…”) to the States via the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment. This established a Constitutional interpretation with regard to separation of church and state that has affected numerous cases up to the present day.

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