November 21, 1694 â€“Â VoltaireÂ is born FranÃ§ois-Marie Arouet in Paris, France. An avowed Deist, he was a writer, philosopher and public wit well known for his criticisms of organized religion. He thought Christianity â€œassuredly the most ridiculous, the most absurd and the most bloody religion which has ever infected this world.â€ His most famous work isÂ Candide, which mocks the notion that we live in the â€œbest of all possible worlds.â€ His many other works include â€œFanaticism, or Mahomet the Prophet,â€ which mocks the founder of Islam and surely would have gotten VoltaireÂ murdered were he alive today. He died in 1778, aged 83.
November 21, 1905Â â€“ AlbertÂ Einsteinâ€™s paper on Mass-Energy Equivalence (better know by the famous equation E = mcÂ²) is published in the German scientific journal Annalen der Physik. This was the lastÂ of four landmark papers (which included works on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion and Special Relativity) published during his â€œAnnus Mirabilis.â€ Einstein died in 1955, aged 76.
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